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History of Indian Cinema

India has the world’s largest Film Industry where more than 700 feature films and 100 documentaries  are produced each year.Over 1000 feature films are released in India every year. They include films  in over 27 languages. This is the current stamina of INDIA in film industry.We are the perfect and  potential competitor for the western Hollywood.Now, It’s really WORTH to know the history of INDIAN CINEMA
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History of Indian Cinema

When we talk about cinema history in india, we must thank Lumiere brothers.The birth of Cinema in India can be attributed to the Lumiere brother`s. Only a few months after the  Lumiere brothers introduced the art of cinematography in Paris in 1895, Lumiere-brother cinema made its presence felt  in India.

The first movie was released in India around 103 years ago, i.e. on 7th July 1897 at Watson Hotel,  Mumbai. This film was produced by Lumiere Bros., it had only 6 scenes! All it had was an arrival of  a train, a sea bath, demolition of a building, workers leaving the mill and ladies and soldiers on  wheels. It was a silent movie for 10 minutes.

The first Indian to produce a film was H.S. Bhatwdekar. All he had with him was a projector, but he  didn’t have a camera, so he got one from London and shot only 2 scenes of 3 minutes each, which were  titled Do Pahalwanon Ki Kushti and Bandar Ko Nachata Hua Madaari. It was released in December 1889,  more than a century ago!

The first short films in India were directed by Hiralal Sen, starting with The Flower of Persia  (1898).The first full-length motion picture in India was produced by Dadasaheb Phalke [Dadasaheb  Phalke is regarded as the Father of Indian Cinema.], a scholar on India’s languages and culture, who  bought together elements from Sanskrit epics to produce his Raja Harishchandra . DADASAHEB


Dadasaheb  Phalke is regarded as the Father of Indian Cinema
The first feature film over 1 hour was Raja Harischandra in 1913.And in the same movie the first ever  female role depicted by a male artiste was played by Salunke the title role.

The first ‘talkie’ in was Jamai Sasthi in 1931.The second talkie film released in India was Shirin  Farhaad, on 30th May 1931. It was produced by Madan Theatres, Calcutta and directed by its owner Mr.  J.J. Madan. It had 18 songs. Indra Sabha which was released in 1932 had as much as 69 songs in it.  Can you believe it! It was produced by Madan Theatre, Calcutta and directed by J.J. Madan. The film  starred Master Nissar, Jahan Aara, Kazzam, Miss Silvasia and others.

The first ever color film made in India was Kissan Kanhaiya produced by Imperial Film Co. This film  was released in 1937. Moti B. Gidwani directed it, and its music was composed by Ram Gopal Pandey.  The film had 10 songs, which were released by Gramophone Records.

The longest kissing scene till date has been picturised for the film Karma (released in 1926), a  silent film. It was between Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani for about 4 minutes on the screen, almost 4  times lengthier than the kissing scene of Dayavaan (released in 1989) between Vinod Khanna and  Madhuri Dixit.

Golden Age of Indian cinema

The golden period in the history of Indian cinema is attributed to the 1950s. Guru Dutt, Mehboob  Khan, Raj Kapoor, Balraj Sahani, Nargis, Bimal Roy, Meena Kumari, Madhubala, Dilip Kumar graced the  screens. In south India esteemed actors like Rajkumar, Gemini Ganesan, NT Rama Rao and several other  actors and actresses entertained the audiences.

Largest Film Industry In India

The Telugu language film industry [ Tollywood ]  of Andhra Pradesh is currently the largest in India  in terms of number of movies produced in a year.The state of Andhra Pradesh has the highest number of  cinema halls in India.Currently, about 300 Telugu films are released every year with approximately 3  productions every week. Just like any other cinema industry, the Telugu film industry produces all  genres of cinema.Stars like Chiranjeevi, Balakrishna, Nagarjuna and Venkatesh made the Telugu cinema  get more collections and they increased the world wide market of Telugu cinema. The next generation,  like Pawan Kalyan,Mahesh Babu, NTR Jr., Ravi Teja,Allari Naresh, Prabhas dominate the industry with  high standards and great openings of their films.

In Short,

  • First Film Released on  7th July 1897
  • First Talkie Movie –  Jamai Sasthi
  • First ever color film – Kissan Kanhaiya
  • First feature film  –  Raja Harischandra
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